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Citation Guides: Parenthetical Citations

How to format in-text citations in APA style

In-Text Citations

Basic Formats

If the author's name IS NOT included in the narrative (parenthetical):
     (Author's Last Name, Year of publication)

If the author's name IS included in the narrative:
    Author's Last name (Year)

If the author's name is included in the narrative and a direct quote is used, the page number may appear after the quote:
     (Page number)

To cite a specific part of a source use the author-date citation, plus information about the specific part, such as pages, chapters, tables, figures, etc :
     (Author's Last Name, Year of publication, Page number).


Work by One Author

In a recent study of reaction times, Rogers (1994) described the method...W

Work by One Author, specific page cited

This is the definition of the eyewitness (Bekerian, 1993, p. 575)

Work by Two Authors

(Walker & Allen, 2004)

 Work by Three or more authors 

"The most effective way of teaching Spanish…is not by rote" (Valdés et al., 2004)

Work by group

(American Psychological Association [APA], 2019)

 Work with No Author (Newspaper article)
("New Drug," 1993, p. C3)

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