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Citation Guides: Authors

How to format author names in APA style

About this guide

This guide is based on The Bluebook. For more details and examples, consult The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (19th ed.) 2010. (REF KF 245 U55  2010).

  • Note, however, that the APA style incorporates various changes into the Bluebook style.
  • The Bluebook style is not used to cite legal periodical articles or books. Use the regular APA style.
  • To cite legal materials from states other than Massachusetts, follow the forms given below for Massachusetts, but substitute the abbreviations found on pages 170-228 of the Bluebook.
  • Some Web-based databases do not include the data required to cite according to these rules. Lexis-Nexis is the best source.

Additional APA Style Guide Websites


Use these formats when citing authors in a reference list. Surnames are listed first, followed by a comma and the author’s initials.

Single Author

Schwartz, J.

Two to Seven Authors

List all authors and separate with a comma. Include an ampersand (&) before the last author.

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A.
Chamberlin, J., Novotney, A., Packard, E., & Price, M.

More Than Seven Authors

List the first six authors followed by three ellipsis points and add the last author.

Gilbert, D. G., McClernon, J. F., Rabinovich, N. E., Sugai, C., Plath, L. C., Asgaard, G., . . . Botros, N.

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