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Citation Guides: APA Format Rules

About this guide

This guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. For more details and examples, consult the APA publication manual (REF BF76.7 P83 2010).

Format Rules

  • Place the reference list at the end of the paper.
  • Center the title, "References" one inch from the top of the page.
  • Double space between the title and the first entry.
  • Double space both within and between entries.
  • Begin each entry flush with the left margin.
  • Indent subsequent lines one-half inch (five spaces).
  • Alphabetize by the author's (or editor's) last name.
  • Entries without an author are alphabetized by title.


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