About this guide
This guide is based on The Bluebook. For more details and examples, consult The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (19th ed.) 2010. (REF KF 245 U55 2010).
- Note, however, that the APA style incorporates various changes into the Bluebook style.
- The Bluebook style is not used to cite legal periodical articles or books. Use the regular APA style.
- To cite legal materials from states other than Massachusetts, follow the forms given below for Massachusetts, but substitute the abbreviations found on pages 170-228 of the Bluebook.
- Some Web-based databases do not include the data required to cite according to these rules. Lexis-Nexis is the best source.
Additional APA Style Guide Websites
- Author: Usually found at the top or bottom of the web page. Look for: Author, Compiler/Compiled by, Maintainer/Maintained by. If author is not available, begin your citation with the web page title.
- Publication Date: Usually found at the end of the document. Use the last update if available. Use the copyright date if available. If the month and day are given, include them. If a publication date is not available, use n.d. (no date).
- Web Page Title: Give the title of the web page here. If you are citing a specific article within a larger web site, give the title of the article and the name of the larger web site.
- URL: "Uniform Resource Locator" is the web address of your document. It is found at the top right corner of your printout or in the "Location" bar on your web browser. Take care in transcribing the URL. Copying and pasting is recommended. Whenever possible, the URL should take the reader directly to the document you are citing. If this is not possible, the URL should take the reader as close to the document as possible.
Author, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of Page/Document. Retrieved from URL
Note: The title of the page/document is italicized.
Note: n.d. indicates that no publication date is available.
Web page without an author
GVU’s 8th WWW user survey. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/users_surveys/survey-1997-10/
Web page authored by an organization
Greater New Milford (Ct) Area Healthy Community 2000, Task Force on Teen and Adolescent Issues. (n.d.). Who has time for a family meal? You do! Retrieved from http://www.familymealtime.org
Citing web pages in text
- Citation includes author's name, year of publication, then page numbers if available.
- If your source lacks an author, cite the first one or two words of the title.
- If no date is given, place "n.d." after the author’s name.
- note on page numbers: Web documents often don't have page numbers. When a web page lacks numbering, omit page numbers from your parenthetical references. Do not use page numbers generated on a print-out of the web document. PDF files found on the web will have page numbers however that can be used in a citation.