State College Ely Library
MLA International Bibliography indexes journals,
books/book chapters, dissertations, and other formats on the subjects of
literature, language, linguistics, and folklore in all languages.
Topics covered include literary theory, genres and themes, film, myth,
poetry, sign language, computer-programming languages. From
the Ely Library Home page (http://www.lib.wsc.ma.edu/)
click on Quick Links to Databases. This link will search records
from 1963 to the present.
To search a smaller file or more than one database at a time, click
on the Databases
button on the navigation bar to your right.
On the Database Selection Page, click in any of the boxes next to the databases
you would like to search, then click Open Selected Databases. .
Continue through the Guide or Start
To Construct a Search:
Continue through the Guide or Start
Example of the Basic Search Screen:
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Below are the types of searches you can create in the Search
page. You can also use the Search
Builder to identify specific fields for your terms (Author, Title,
Journal Name, etc.).
Select one or more fields in which to search, or leave the
selection as the default, "Words Anywhere". Searching by Title, Author,
and Subject are available from this search screen.
Select the language of records you would like to retrieve.
If desired, further narrow your search by using the Limit
Your Search option. Fields will be specific to MLA International
Type a word or phrase in the text entry area.
Click Start Search. WebSPIRS performs the search and
indicates how many records it finds.
To interrupt a search at any time, hit the Escape
key on your keyboard.
|A search like this:
||Finds records containing:
||the word "housing" in any field
|poverty AND housing
||both terms in the same record in any field
|stratification OR inequality
||either or both terms in any field
|urban NEAR poverty
||"urban" and "poverty" appear in the same sentence
|black ADJ power
||the phrase "black power" in that order in any field
||child, children, childless,
and so on
||woman or women
|Tienda in au
||Tienda in the author field (au)
||a previous search request
You will have the option to combine previous searches
in this system. To do so,
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Limit your search in the following areas by clicking the
Search button on the main search screen. You can also apply certain
limits when you type your search request in the Find field on the
Search page (see below).
PT - Publication Type
You can use the Publication Type field to limit
your search to journal articles, books, book chapters, etc.
LA - Language (This is easiest to do from the basic
PY - Publication Year [This can be
entered as: PY=xxxx; PY>xxxx; or PY<xxxx (where xxxx stands for any
Limit Fields in Your Search
NOTE: Both Upper or Lower case will work.
ALSO: For Publication Type, use the text equivalent
which indicates the kind of document indexed.
|How To Find...
|...records for journal articles on naturalism:
||naturalism AND PT=journal-article
|...records for book chapters on comedy:
||comedy AND book-article in PT
|...everything on realism EXCEPT dissertations:
||realism NOT PT=dissertation-abstract
|...materials on celtic literature published after 1994
||celtic literature AND py>1994
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Searching in the Thesaurus:
For tips, see Typing Limit Fields in Your Search
||pt=article (Caution: This will retrieve both book
and journal articles.)
For a complete list of Document Types, click the
Search button on the main search screen.
Use the online thesaurus to select a list of terms for your search.
Type a term or phrase in the main search box.
The MLA Thesaurus does NOT INCLUDE authors
or titles of works. Use the Index
The thesaurus is particularly useful for Genres
and Time Periods.
Example of a Thesaurus Subject List:
The Index feature allows you to find out if a word or name is in the database,
and if so, how to spell it correctly. This is a good way to locate
an author's name, or to find topics covered in the database.
Click on the Thesaurus button on the bar to the right of your search
The Thesaurus Subject List will be displayed with terms from the
thesaurus that include your first word.
You may select more than one term from this list to search or you can see
details for a particular term by clicking on it. These details may include
a Scope Note (definition), More Specific(narrower), More
General (broader), and/or Related terms.
To search the term you have selected, click on search subject at
the top of your screen.
To select a different search term from the thesaurus, click on it, then
click on search subject at the top of your screen.
A results list from your selected thesaurus terms will be retrieved.
Back to Construct a Search.
The Results page allows you to mark, print, save, and mail
the records retrieved by the current search. In this database, terms of
certain fields are linked. If you click on a linked Descriptor, WebSPIRS
searches for the term. Return to Searches to combine the new
descriptor with any other search terms used previously.
Type your word in the search box.
Click on the Index button on the right-hand bar of your screen.
Following your word when it appears in the list will be a number in parentheses.
This represents the number of records containing that term.
Bring it to the Search screen by clicking on the term, or select several
words from the list by clicking the box beside those you
want to check. Click on Search Checked Terms.
You may also enter another term and search it in the index by clicking
on Go to Term.
To mark records:
print MLA International Bibliography records:
After marking records of interest, click the Print
button above the citation screen. WebSPIRS displays the Print Records
page, which allows you to select and format records for printing.
Print Records at the top right of your screen. A print
box will come up. Click OK to print records you have marked.
Note: You will not see what you are printing--but it will be from
your search. You will be prompted to clear marked records after printing.
Click the Save button in the citation screen.
WebSPIRS displays the Save Records page, which allows you to select
and format records for saving to a disk. Insert a formatted disk in the
floppy drive. Click on Save Records, enter a name for your
file, and click on Save. You will be prompted to clear marked
records after saving.
Click E-mail. WebSPIRS displays the Mail Records
page, which allows you to select and format records to mail to an e-mail
address. Be sure to include your full address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Click on the Close button after mailing. You will be prompted
to clear marked records after e-mailing.
Click in the box next to the record number, such as Record
1 of 235, for any record that you want to mark.
To show only records you have marked, click Show Marked
Records (right-hand bar of screen). WebSPIRS displays your marked records.
Document Types and Descriptors:
To change display options, click Change Display button
under the search box or at the top of your results screen.
Select how field names are displayed, how records are sorted,
and which fields are displayed.
At the top of your screen, click on Confirm Changes.
Any changes you make will remain in effect until you log
off the system, or change them again.
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To quickly determine what type of document you are looking
at, find the DT field in any record.
For subjects you might find helpful to use in another search,
look for the MJ (Major Descriptor) or MN (Minor Descriptor)
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If You Are Timed Out:
A message Please Select Another Database will pop up. Click
The Select Databases screen will load. Chose your database and begin searching.
To search more than one database at a time, click on the Databases
on the navigation bar to your right. On the Database Selection
Page, click in any of the boxes next to the databases you would like to
search, then click Open Selected Databases.
For online help once logged into MLA International Bibliography,
click on the HELP button on the right-hand bar on your MLA
There you will find information about the specific task you are performing,
as well as links to Help Contents.
Help is also available at the Reference Desk.
Please Log Out when
you are finished with your search
Page maintained by Corinne Ebbs
Last updated August 30, 2001