Black History Month (February) commemorates the struggles and triumphs of African-Americans in this country. It offers a chance to reflect on the history, and celebrate the contributions of individuals. This webpage is a collection of links to authoritative websites on these individuals and topics in African-American history.
African American Music Reference
This database provides information about "blues, jazz, spirituals, civil rights songs, minstrelsy, rhythm and blues, gospel and other forms of black American musical expression." Includes essays, biographies, scores, images and more.
Biography in Context: African Americans
This section of the Biography in Context database offers an alphabetical list of prominent African Americans. Each link provides briographical information about that person. To access this area of the database, click the link above. Next, click "People". Finally, click "African Americans".
Films on Demand: African American Studies
A list of over 115 videos related to African American Studies. Subjects covered in these films include African American history and culture, as well as other topics. To access these videos, click the "African American Studies" link on the left side of the page.
ProQuest Black Newspapers
A collection of current newspapers, covering 1989-present. Titles include Afro-American Red Star, Call & Post, Chicago Defender, Houston Post, Michigan Chronicle, Muslim Journal, New Journal & Guide, New York Amsterdam News, and Los Angeles Sentinel.
From the NEA, a "comprehensive reading list of 100 titles that celebrate African-American heritage, tradition, and achievement." The list includes suggested grade levels for each book.
African American History Month
Collection of links to material in honor of African American History month in February. Includes links to collections, images, and audio and video sources with a focus on this year's theme "Black Women in American Culture and History." From the Library of Congress, the National Endowment for the Arts, National Park Service, National Gallery of Art, the Smithsonian Institute, National Archives and Records Administration, and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
From the Library of Congress, a website created from their special exhibit dedicated to the study of African-American history and culture. Narrative sections are arranged by subject, and are accompanied by digital images of documents, photos, and illustrations.
African American World
From PBS and NPR, a website devoted to African-American history and culture. This website has a wealth of content, including a timeline, Encyclopedia Britannica entries on key terms and topics, a section of lesson plans on topics in African-American history, and public discussion forums on relevant themes and issues.
Digitized collection of back shows of this television series (originally titled "Colored People's Time"), whose programs "represent a wide variety of African-American viewpoints on issues important to the city of Detroit, the state of Michigan, and the nation as whole." Browse shows from 1968-2000 by date, guest, host, or themes such as "Motor City and Motown." From Detroit Public Television and Michigan State University.
An Era of
Progress and Promise: Education and Religion in Post-Emancipation
An Era of Progress and Promise is a book compiled by W.N. Hartshorn of Clifton, Massachusetts that celebrates the "religious, moral, and educational development of the American Negro since his emancipation." From 1901-1908, Mr. Hartshorn convened the Clifton Conference to discuss the educational and religious opportunities available to African Americans. An Era of Progress and Promise is a culmination of the Clifton conference findings, and provides a comprehensive portrait of early African-American schools, colleges, and churches as well as biographies of African-American educators, ministers, and influential businessmen. This website is for those interested in "the history of education, the development of Historically Black Colleges and Universities, the Negro Business League, religion in the United States, or African-American society in post-Emancipation America."
Association for the Study of African-American Life and History
The website for the ASALH provides information on news, events, and publications related to African-American life, history, and culture. The website includes a listing of events and conferences, a bookshelf listing relevant publications, an essay contest, and links to periodicals related to African-Amerian culture.
Biography.com: Black History
From the A&E biography channel, a website offering biographies on prominent figures in African-American history. Biographies are arranged by subject, and a photo gallery and timeline are also featured on the site.
Black Facts Online
Sponsored by the company Innercity Software, this site provides snapshot information on events and facts in African-American history. A dropdown menu allows the user to select a date in history. The fact descriptions can also be searched by keyword.
The End of Slavery: the Creation of the 13th Amendment
From the primary source website, Harpweek, a site offering primary source documents relating to the 13th Amendment and emancipation. The site is browseable by topic, with informational sections accompanied by letters, government documents, images, and articles from the magazine, Harper's Weekly. The site also offers a timeline of events relating to slavery and emancipation, as well as biographies of prominent individuals of the era.
for Features Black History Month: February 2012
From the U.S. Census bureau, a compilation of notable facts and statistics relating to the African-Americans in the United States. The facts are divided into sections for population, military service, education, homeownership, jobs and more. The statistics include links to the original press release or site that featured the data.
Channel: Black History
Explore the interactive timeline of African American milestones, watch videos, listen to speeches, and view photographs of icons at this website from the History Channel.
Mapping the African American Past (MAAP)
Illustrates places and moments that have shaped the long history of African Americans in New York City.
National Museum of African-American
History and Culture
From the Smithsonian, the website for the NMAAHC. The site features biographies and photos of prominent people in African-American History. The sections of the site can be browsed by a graphical cluster chart illustrating how individuals and topic areas are inter-related.
and the Struggle for Black
Oberlin was the first college in the United States to regularly admit African American students. This collection of material, from the Electronic Oberlin Group, is about the struggle for black freedom in Oberlin, Ohio, and the education of African American students at Oberlin College. Topics include the 1835 constitution of the Oberlin Anti-Slavery Society, the Underground Railroad, and Martin Luther King's 1965 commencement address.
The Sonja Haynes Stone Center Library for Black Culture and History: Guide to the Web
From the Sonja Haynes Stone Center for Black Culture annd History of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a compilation of annotated links to hundreds of websites about "African, African American, and African Diaspora history and culture. ... The topics covered range from the underground railroad to hip hop music." Other subjects include civil rights, education, health, literature, military, religion, slavery, sports, and women.
This Far By Faith
From PBS, a website from the television series by the same name. The series follows the spiritual and religious journeys of African-americans throughout history, as they have struggled to overcome social and political obstacles. The content features narratives, illustrations, photographs, and biographical entries on some relevant individuals.
Women Writers of the 19th
From the New York Public Library Digital Library Collection, a website of primary and secondary source documents relating to African-American women writers.
The site offers biographies on over 30 writers (autobiographies as well). A drop-down menu offers users to browse the content by author, title, fiction, and poetry. The actual primary source documents are available in frames versions, browseable by section.
The official site of the contemporary poet, activist, and ambassador to the world. The site contains a biography, a bibliography, images and videos.
From the African-American Literature Book Club, a website dedicated to James Baldwin, the 20th century writer and novelist.
The site includes a biography and videos, as well as anotations of Baldwin's major works.
From PBS, a site dedicated to Amiri Baraka, the African-American Poet of the late 20th century. The site features an overview of Baraka's life and work.
Authored by a faculty member at Berea College, this site draws from the special collections of Fisk Univesity. The site offers a bibliography, a biography and access to stories and novels from this acclaimed writer from the Reconstruction Era.
Dunbar, Paul Lawrence
The Paul Lawrence Dunbar Digital Text Archives from the Wright State Universities special collections; this site includes a biography, bibliography, digital versions of his poems and a photo gallery.
Langston Hughes at 100, an online exhibition created in observance of the centenary of the birth of Langston Hughes (1902-1967), Harlem Renaissance poet, novelist, and playwright, presents images and audio and video clips. Material includes poem manuscripts, video of Hughes reading his poetry, photos, and related material. From the Yale University Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
Hurston, Zora Neale
From the Library of Congress, a collection of ten plays from the flamboyant writer of plays and shorts stories from the Harlem Renaissance. The site also has a chronology of Zora's personal experiences and major writings.
From the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition of Yale University, a webpage providing primary source documents authored by Harriet Jacobs, as well as documents relating to her life and times. The site also provides a resource guide and bibliography for more information about Harriet Jacobs.
From the journal Standards, a tribute to the 20th century African-American lesbian writer. The site includes poems by the author and articles about Lorde and her works. A biography and list of career highlights can be found at this site from Emory University: http://www.english.emory.edu/Bahri/RYAN.HTML
An independent site (Anniina Jokinen, author) dedicated to the nobel-prize winning writer, Toni Morrison. The site offers links to biographies, interviews, bibliographies, and sections devoted to her major works.
From the University of Minnesota's site, Voices from the Gaps - Women Writers of Color, a webpage about Alice Walker, the award-winning novelist. The page features an excerpt from her writing, a biography and discussion of her work, and a select bibliography.
The website for the Louis Armstrong home and archives. The site includes a biography, discography, timeline and audio files of Louis Armstrong's music.
The official site of Chuck Berry. The site includes a biography, a list of his career highlights, music clips, and a photo gallery of the rock and roll musician who brought together people of all races through his music.
From the John Coltrane Foundation, a website offering information and media on Coltrane. The site features videos and music of John Coltrane. A biography is available, as well as a year-by-year discography of Coltrane as a leader and a sideman.
Davis, Gary (Reverend)
An independent website celebrating the Reverend Gary Davis, a gospel performer who's influenced many popular jazz and rock performers. The site includes a biography, a discography, audio samples of the Reverend's music and an image gallery.
From the estate of Miles Davis, a website dedicated to the great jazz trumpet player. The site includes a biography, downloadable audio files of his music, and images of the artwork of Miles Davis, his paintings which were influenced by the "Memphis" design movement.
Dorsey, Thomas A.
From the Villa Rica bureau of tourism (Dorsey's hometown in Georgia), a website recounting the story of Thomas Dorsey, often referred to as the "Father of Gospel Music". The site documents Dorsey's career and the rise of gospel music through the early part of the 20th century.
Sponsored by the Duke Ellington Estate, this is the official website for Duke Ellington. The site includes a biography, discography, filmography, photo gallery and a section of quotes from this influential musician.
The official website of Ella Fitzgerald. Includes a biography, filmography, discography, photo gallery, quotes by the singer, and more.
From the national park service, a webpage on Son House and the Delta Blues tradition. The webpage includes a biography and a video file of an original performance by the blues legend.
From the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, a website honoring bluesman Robert Johnson. The site includes a biography and timeline of this great blues musician.
From the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, a website honoring Jimi Hendrix. The site includes a biography, timeline, videos and a selected discography.
Sponsored by the Thelonious Monk record label, this website offers a tribute to the jazz pianist. A biography, discography, image gallery, and discography are featured.
Hosted by MTV, this site offers a biography, a photo gallery and videos related to the rapper Notorious B.I.G.
From the PBS special Jazz, a website dedicated to the great jazz saxophonist, Charlie Parker. This site offers a chronological review of Parker's work along with audio samples of his music.
Sponsored by the Tupac Amaru Shakur Foundation, this is the official website for the rapper 2Pac. This site includes a biography, filmography, discography and a photo gallery.
The official website of this blues legend, a biography, song list, photo gallery, and some audio files of his songs are featured.
From Columbia University's website Social Justice Movements, webpages dedicated to Stokely Carmichael, activist and member of the Black Panther Party. The site offers sections recounting the history of Carmichael (later called Kwame Ture), a timeline of his life, a bibliography of sources, and links to relevant sites.
From the University of Indianapolis Department of History, a website devoted to Frederick Douglas, the writer, activist, and abolitionist. The website features a biography, timeline, and bibliography for Douglas, and links to libraries holding special collections of Douglas' papers.
From the W.E.B. Dubois Learning Center, a webpage detailing the biography of this African-American writer and activist.
King, Martin Luther Jr.
From the Seattle Times, a website devoted the civil rights leader. The site includes a photo gallery, a biography, a timeline, and audio files of his speeches.
From the estate of Malcolm X, the official website of Malcolm X, which includes an extensive biography, photographs, and quotes from the civil rights activist and ex-leader of the Nation of Islam. The website also includes a eulogy that was delivered at his funeral by the actor Ozzie Davis.
From Juan Williams, author of the video series, Eyes on the Prize, a website devoted to Thurgood Marshall. The website includes photographs, a profile, and interviews with the first African-American selected to serve on the Supreme Court.
The official White House page of the 44th President of the United States and the first African-American president. See also the following site:
Barack Obama.com - Official campaign website. Links to biographical information, Obama's stance on many issues, text and video of speeches and campaign ads.
From the Academy of Achievement, a website devoted to Rosa Parks, the activist and "mother of the civil rights movement". The site includes a biography, videos, and audio interviews with this prominent figure whose actions served to ignite the civil rights movement.
Africans in America
From PBS, a chronological history of Africans living in slavery in the Americas leading up to the Civil War, based on their television series by the same name. The website provides resources for teachers along with a cross-referenced index of people, events, and historical documents.
Born in Slavery
From the Library of Congress, this website contains narratives and interviews with people who were born into slavery. Original documentation from these interviews are presented in high quality TIFF image files. Also, high resolution photographs of the subjects are also available in several file formats. An excellent source of primary document materials from the slavery era.
The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas
Original illustrations and depictions from slavery times. These illustrations and portraits have been scanned onto the site from a special collection of the University of Virginia Library.
From Slavery to Freedom: the African-American Pamphlet Collection
Also from the Library of Congress, a special collection of documents published between 1822 and 1909 on the topics of slavery, emancipation, reconstruction and and related topics. These include personal accounts, speeches, and reports by such authors as Frederick Douglas, Charles Sumner, Booker T. Washington, and others. Documents are digitized and viewable online.
Images of the
Antislavery Movement in
From the Massachusetts Historical Society, the website "presents digital images of 840 visual materials from the collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society that illustrate the role of Massachusetts in the national debate over slavery. Included are photographs, paintings, sculptures, engravings, artifacts, banners, and broadsides that were central to the debate and the formation of the antislavery movement." The images can be browsed by format. An bibliography of suggestions for further reading is included on the site.
Lest We Forget: the Triumph over Slavery
A highly stylized site from the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture: this website provides a history of the slavery era, discussing the origins and development of African-American culture within this environment. The content includes drawings, illustrations, letters, and news items from these times.
Voices from the Days of Slavery
A collection of interviews with people born between 1823 and the 1860's who experienced slavery firsthand. The interviews cover topics such as their families, their feelings on slavery and on the slave-holders, their freedom, and actual singing of songs that they had learned back in the days of slavery. The Library of Congress has compiled this collection of recorded interviews and maintains the website.
From Bruce Fort of the University of Virginia, an annotated collection of transcripted slave narratives. The narratives are available as html text, along with photographs. A bibliography of related readings is also available from the site.
From the National Archives and Records Administration, this webpage includes scans of documents related to civil rights, including the Emancipation Proclamation, travel documents and legal documents. Also includes maps, photographs and illustrations.
Buffalo Soldiers National Museum
From the Museum of the Buffalo Soldiers, a website offering content about African-Americans who served in American wars and specifically the Civil War. The site includes informational sections on the specific cavalry along with photographs, illustrations and videos.
Rhapsodies in Black
From the Institute of International Visual Arts, a website dedicated to the art and literature of the Harlem Renaissance. The website features digital images of works of art, along with informational sections on the themes and the artists themselves.
Harlem Renaissance brought
to you by John Carroll
From John Carroll University, a website discussing various aspects of the Harlem Renaissance. The site's content is divided into sections on literature, political issues, religion, philosophy, the french connection and more. The site includes video and audio files of prominent music from the era, a timeline marking the contributions of individuals chronologically, and individual pages for featured performers.
From PBS, a website dedicated to the Harlem Renaissance.The site includes digital images of some of the art, along with profiles of prominent artists from the period.
Negro League Baseball Players Assocation
The official website of the Negro League Baseball Players Assocation, this site features informational sections on the teams, each of the players, the history of the league, and digital images of artificats and orginial memorabilia from the leagues.
From TK Publishers and WebMatters New Media, a website containing a wealth of information about the Negro Leagues of the thirties and forties. The site features a history of the leagues, rosters and information about the teams, players biographies and images, and a list other resources available about the leagues.
The Eric Carle Museum Exhibition- We Are the Ship : The Story of Negro League Baseball
This page offers information about an exhibition featured at the Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art. From February 7, 2012 - June 10, 2012 the museum, located in Amherst, MA, will feature paintings, sketches and educational materials from the book, "We Are the Ship: The Story of Negro Leagure Baseball".
This web site, a collaboration of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR) and the LCCR Education Fund, aims "to serve as the site of record for relevant and up-to-the minute civil rights news and information."
Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive
From the University of Southern Mississippi, a digital archive of digitized photographs, letters, diaries and other documents related to the civil rights era. Includes transcripts of interviews with key participants in the civil rights movement in Mississippi.
Reporting Civil Rights
From the Library of America, a website featuring the journalism and writing surrounding the civil rights movement. This site features journalistic articles and other accounts by reporters, writers, and civilians who witnessed the events of the civil rights era firsthand. Includes biographies of journalists, a timeline and links to more resources.
From the University of North Carolina, a website dedicated to the Students Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, which coordinated non-violent protests across college campuses in the south. The website offers a timeline and informational sections on the people, issues, and events of the SNCC.
We Shall Overcome: Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement
From the National Parks Service, a website on the historic sites of the Civil Rights Movement, with an information tour of all the sites. The website also offers a history of the civil rights Movement, with sections entitled "the strategy", "the players", "the cost", and "the prize". A bibliography is also offered of publications providing more in-depth information.
Voices of Civil Rights
From the AARP, the LCCR, and the Library of Congress, a website to serve as an archive of personal accounts from the civil rights era. The site offers a history of the movement, including photographs and a bibliography for more information.