Black History Month (February) commemorates the struggles and triumphs of African-Americans in this country. It offers a chance to reflect on the history, and celebrate the contributions of individuals. This webpage is a collection of links to authoritative websites on these individuals and topics in African-American history.
Center: African Americans
Search for prominent African Americans by name, biographical facts, or keyword in this database from Gale.
From the NEA, a "comprehensive reading list of 100 titles that celebrate African-American heritage, tradition, and achievement." The list includes suggested grade levels for each book.
The African-American Experience
From Greenwood Press, a collection of encyclopedic articles, primary source documents, images and slave narratives. The documents are accessible by searching or browsing. This online resource is available this month (February) free of charge. Simply enter your information upon selecting an entry.
African American History Month
Collection of links to material in honor of African American History month in February. Includes links to collections, images, and audio and video sources with a focus on this year's theme "The Quest for Black Citizenship in the Americas." From the Library of Congress, the National Endowment for the Arts, National Park Service, National Gallery of Art, the Smithsonian Institute, National Archives and Records Administration, and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
From the Library of Congress, a website created from their special exhibit dedicated to the study of African-American history and culture. Narrative sections are arranged by subject, and are accompanied by digital images of documents, photos, and illustrations.
African American World
From PBS and NPR, a website devoted to African-American history and culture. This website has a wealth of content, including a timeline, Encyclopedia Britannica entries on key terms and topics, a section of lesson plans on topics in African-American history, and public discussion forums on relevant themes and issues.
American Black Journal
Digitized collection of back shows of this television series (originally titled "Colored People's Time"), whose programs "represent a wide variety of African-American viewpoints on issues important to the city of Detroit, the state of Michigan, and the nation as whole." Browse shows from 1968-2000 by date, guest, host, or themes such as "Motor City and Motown." From Detroit Public Television and Michigan State University.
of Progress and Promise: Education and Religion in Post-Emancipation America
An Era of Progress and Promise is a book compiled by W.N. Hartshorn of Clifton, Massachusetts that celebrates the "religious, moral, and educational development of the American Negro since his emancipation." From 1901-1908, Mr. Hartshorn convened the Clifton Conference to discuss the educational and religious opportunities available to African Americans. An Era of Progress and Promise is a culmination of the Clifton conference findings, and provides a comprehensive portrait of early African-American schools, colleges, and churches as well as biographies of African-American educators, ministers, and influential businessmen. This website is for those interested in "the history of education, the development of Historically Black Colleges and Universities, the Negro Business League, religion in the United States, or African-American society in post-Emancipation America."
Association for the Study of African-American Life and History
The website for the ASALH provides information on news, events, and publications related to African-American life, history, and culture. The website includes a listing of events and conferences, a bookshelf listing relevant publications, an essay contest, and links to periodicals related to African-Amerian culture.
Biography.com Celebrates Black History
From the A&E biography channel, a website offering biographies on prominent figures in African-American history. Biographies are arranged by subject, and a photo gallery and section on Alex Haley's Roots are also featured on the site.
Black Facts Online
Sponsored by the company Innercity Software, this site provides snapshot information on events and facts in African-American history. A dropdown menu allows the user to select a date in history. The fact descriptions can also be searched by keyword.
The End of Slavery: the Creation of the 13th Amendment
From the primary source website, Harpweek, a site offering primary source documents relating to the 13th Amendment and emancipation. The site is browseable by topic, with informational sections accompanied by letters, government documents, images, and articles from the magazine, Harper's Weekly. The site also offers a timeline of events relating to slavery and emancipation, as well as biographies of prominent individuals of the era.
for Features Black History Month: February 2008
From the U.S. Census bureau, a compilation of notable facts and statistics relating to the African-Americans in the United States. The facts are divided into sections for population, military service, education, homeownership, jobs and more. The statistics include links to the original press release or site that featured the data.
Black History Month
Explore the interactive timeline of African American milestones, watch videos, explore maps, and read biographies of icons at this website from the History Channel.
Mapping the African American Past
Illustrates places and moments that have shaped the long history of African Americans in New York City.
National Museum of African-American
History and Culture
From the Smithsonian, the website for the NMAAHC. The site features biographies and photos of prominent people in African-American History. The sections of the site can be browsed by a graphical cluster chart illustrating how individuals and topic areas are inter-related.
and the Struggle for Black Freedom
Oberlin was the first college in the United States to regularly admit African American students. This collection of material, from the Electronic Oberlin Group, is about the struggle for black freedom in Oberlin, Ohio, and the education of African American students at Oberlin College. Topics include the 1835 constitution of the Oberlin Anti-Slavery Society, the Underground Railroad, and Martin Luther King's 1965 commencement address.
The Sonja Haynes Stone Center Library for Black Culture and History: Guide to the Web
From the Sonja Haynes Stone Center for Black Culture annd History of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a compilation of annotated links to hundreds of websites about "African, African American, and African Diaspora history and culture. ... The topics covered range from the underground railroad to hip hop music." Other subjects include civil rights, education, health, literature, military, religion, slavery, sports, and women.
This Far By Faith
From PBS, a website from the television series by the same name. The series follows the spiritual and religious journeys of African-americans throughout history, as they have struggled to overcome social and political obstacles. The content features narratives, illustrations, photographs, and biographical entries on some relevant individuals.
Women Writers of the 19th Century
From the New York Public Library Digital Library Collection, a website of primary and secondary source documents relating to African-American women writers.
The site offers biographies on over 30 writers (autobiographies as well). A drop-down menu offers users to browse the content by author, title, fiction, and poetry. The actual primary source documents are available in frames versions, browseable by section.
The official site of the contemporary poet, activist, and ambassador to the world. The site contains a biography, a bibliography, and an audio file of an interview.
From the African-American Literature Book Club, a website dedicated to James Baldwin, the 20th century writer and novelist.
The site includes a biography and anotations of Baldwin's major works.
From PBS, a site dedicated to Amiri Baraka, the African-American Poet of the late 20th century. The site features a biography, selected poems, and audiofiles of an interview with Baraka and poems read by the poet himself.
A website created by Professor Wallace Bridges at Eastern Michigan University. This site gives a chronology of the life and work of Ed Bullins, a contemporary writer and a leading member of the Black Arts Movement in the 1960's.
Authored by a faculty member at Berea College, this site draws from the special collections of Fisk Univesity. The site offers a bibliography, a biography and access to stories and novels from this acclaimed writer from the Reconstruction Era.
Dunbar, Paul Lawrence
The Paul Lawrence Dunbar Digital Text Archives from the Wright State Universities special collections; this site includes a bibliography, audio versions of the author's poetry recited, and digital versions of his poems from the Reconstruction Era.
From the Center X foundation of UCLA, a site dedicated to Ralph Ellison, the twentieth century novelist. This site provides a full bibliography of Ellison's books, short stories, interviews, and essays. The site also includes a chronology and images of the author.
Langston Hughes at 100, an online exhibition created in observance of the centenary of the birth of Langston Hughes (1902-1967), Harlem Renaissance poet, novelist, and playwright, presents images and audio and video clips. Material includes poem manuscripts, video of Hughes reading his poetry, photos, and related material. From the Yale University Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
Hurston, Zora Neale
From the Library of Congress, a collection of ten plays from the flamboyant writer of plays and shorts stories from the Harlem Renaissance. The site also has a chronology of Zora's personal experiences and major writings.
From the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition of Yale University, a webpage providing primary source documents authored by Harriet Jacobs, as well as documents relating to her life and times. The site also provides a resource guide and bibliography for more information about Harriet Jacobs.
From the journal Standards, a tribute to the 20th century African-American lesbian writer. The site includes poems by the author and articles about Lorde and her works. A biography and list of career highlights can be found at this site from Emory University: http://www.english.emory.edu/Bahri/RYAN.HTML
An independent site (Anniina Jokinen, author) dedicated to the nobel-prize winning writer, Toni Morrison. The site offers links to biographies, interviews, literary criticism, and sections devoted to her major works.
From the University of Minnesota's site, Voices from the Gaps - Women Writers of Color, a webpage about Alice Walker, the award-winning novelist. The page features an excerpt from her writing, a biography and discussion of her work, and a select bibliography.
The website for the Louis Armstrong home and archives. The site includes a biography and audio files of Louis Armstrong's music.
The official site of Chuck Berry. The site includes a biography, a list of his career highlights, music clips, and a photo gallery of the rock and roll musician who brought together people of all races through his music.
From the John Coltrane Foundation, a website offering information and media on Coltrane. The site features videos (movies) and music of John Coltrane. An extensive biography is also available, as well as a year-by-year discography with recordings of Coltrane as a leader and a sideman.
Davis, Gary (Reverend)
An independent website celebrating the Reverend Gary Davis, a gospel performer who's influenced many popular jazz and rock performers. The site includes a biography, a discography, and audio samples of the Reverend's music.
From the estate of Miles Davis, a website dedicated to the great jazz trumpet player. The site includes a biography, downloadable audio files of his music, and images of the artwork of Miles Davis, his paintings which were influenced by the "Memphis" design movement.
Dorsey, Thomas A.
From the Villa Rica bureau of tourism (Dorsey's hometown in Georgia), a website recounting the story of Thomas Dorsey, often referred to as the "Father of Gospel Music". The site documents Dorsey's career and the rise of gospel music through the early part of the 20th century.
From the National Museum of American History and the Kennedy Center's ARTSEDGE, a website celebrating the achievements of Duke Ellington, composer, pianist and band leader. The site includes a scrapbook, detailing the stages of Ellington's career through text and photographs, an educational activities section that features audio clips of his music, and links to other resources and centennial celebrations of Ellington.
From the national park service, a webpage on Son House and the Delta Blues tradition. The webpage includes a biography and a video file of an original performance by the blues legend.
From the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, a website honoring bluesman Robert Johnson. The site includes a biography and timeline of this great blues musician.
Sponsored by the Thelonious Monk record label, this website offers a tribute to the jazz pianist. A biography, discography, image gallery, and audio files of his music are featured.
From the PBS special Jazz, a website dedicated to the great jazz saxophonist, Charlie Parker. This site offers a chronological review of Parker's work along with audio samples of his music.
The official website of this blues legend, a biography, discography, photo gallery, and some audio files of his songs are featured.
From Columbia University's website Social Justice Movements, webpages dedicated to Stokely Carmichael, activist and member of the Black Panther Party. The site offers sections recounting the history of Carmichael (later called Kwame Ture), a timeline of his life, a bibliography of sources, and links to relevant sites.
From the University of Indianapolis Department of History, a website devoted to Frederick Douglas, the writer, activist, and abolitionist. The website features a biography, timeline, and bibliography for Douglas, and links to libraries holding special collections of Douglas' papers.
From the W.E.B. Dubois Learning Center, a webpage detailing the biography of this African-American writer and activist.
King, Martin Luther Jr.
From the Seattle Times, a website devoted the civil rights leader. The site includes a photo gallery, a biography, a timeline, and audio files of his speeches.
From the estate of Malcolm X, the official website of Malcolm X, which includes an extensive biography, photographs, and quotes from the civil rights activist and ex-leader of the Nation of Islam. The website also includes a eulogy that was delivered at his funeral by the actor Ozzie Davis.
From Juan Williams, author of the video series, Eyes on the Prize, a website devoted to Thurgood Marshall. The website includes photographs, a profile, and an interview with the first African-American selected to serve on the Supreme Court.
The official White House page of the 44th President of the United States and the first African-American president. See also the following sites:
America's 44th President: On the Issues - An online magazine created by the Johns Hopkins University Washington Center for the Study of American Government and the Johns Hopkins SAIS Center on Politics & Foreign Relations based in Washington, D.C. to present "his views on key foreign policy issues of the day...his views on health care and his evolving domestic agenda."
Barack Obama.com - Official campaign website. Links to biographical information, Obama's stance on many issues, text and video of speeches and campaign ads.
Africans in America
From PBS, a chronological history of Africans living in slavery in the Americas leading up to the Civil War, based on their television series by the same name. The website provides resources for teachers along with a cross-referenced index of people, events, and historical documents.
Born in Slavery
From the Library of Congress, this website contains narratives and interviews with people who were born into slavery. Original documentation from these interviews are presented in high quality TIFF image files. Also, high resolution photographs of the subjects are also available in several file formats. An excellent source of primary document materials from the slavery era.
The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas
Original illustrations and depictions from slavery times. These illustrations and portraits have been scanned onto the site from a special collection of the University of Virginia Library.
From Slavery to Freedom: the African-American Pamphlet Collection
Also from the Library of Congress, a special collection of documents published between 1822 and 1909 on the topics of slavery, emancipation, reconstruction and and related topics. These include personal accounts, speeches, and reports by such authors as Frederick Douglas, Charles Sumner, Booker T. Washington, and others. Documents are digitized and viewable online.
Images of the Antislavery
Movement in Massachusetts
From the Massachusetts Historical Society, the website "presents digital images of 840 visual materials from the collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society that illustrate the role of Massachusetts in the national debate over slavery. Included are photographs, paintings, sculptures, engravings, artifacts, banners, and broadsides that were central to the debate and the formation of the antislavery movement." The images can be browsed by format. An bibliography of suggestions for further reading is included on the site.
Lest We Forget: the Triumph over Slavery
A highly stylized site from the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture: this website provides a history of the slavery era, discussing the origins and development of African-American culture within this environment. The content includes drawings, illustrations, letters, and news items from these times.
Voices from the Days of Slavery
A collection of interviews with people born between 1823 and the 1860's who experienced slavery firsthand. The interviews cover topics such as their families, their feelings on slavery and on the slave-holders, their freedom, and actual singing of songs that they had learned back in the days of slavery. The Library of Congress has compiled this collection of recorded interviews and maintains the website.
From Bruce Fort of the University of Virginia, an annotated collection of transcripted slave narratives. The narratives are available as html text, along with photographs. A bibliography of related readings is also available from the site.
The Emancipation Proclamation
From the National Archives and Records Administration, the original scanned document is presented in jpeg files. The webpage also includes a brief discussion of the immediate rammifications of the act and it's place in the abolition of slavery.
Buffalo Soldiers National Museum
From the Museum of the Buffalo Soldiers, a website offering content about African-Americans who served in American wars and specifically the Civil War. The site includes informational sections on the specific cavalry along with photographs and illustrations.
Rhapsodies in Black
From the Institute of International Visual Arts, a website dedicated to the art and literature of the Harlem Renaissance. The website features digital images of works of art, along with informational sections on the themes and the artists themselves.
Harlem Renaissance brought
to you by John Carroll University
From John Carroll University, a website discussing various aspects of the Harlem Renaissance. The site's content is divided into sections on literature, political issues, religion, philosophy, the french connection and more. The site includes video and audio files of prominent music from the era, a timeline marking the contributions of individuals chronologically, and individual pages for featured performers.
From PBS, a website dedicated to the Harlem Renaissance.The site includes digital images of some of the art, along with profiles of prominent artists from the period.
This web site, a collaboration of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR) and the LCCR Education Fund, aims "to serve as the site of record for relevant and up-to-the minute civil rights news and information."
Civil Rights in
From the University of Mississippi, a digital archive of interviews and oral histories on the civil rights era. Transcripts and audio files of interviews with key participants in the civil rights movement in Mississippi.
Reporting Civil Rights
From the Library of America, a website featuring the journalism and writing surrounding the civil rights movement. This site features journalistic articles and other accounts by reporters, writers, and civilians who witnessed the events of the civil rights era firsthand.
From the University of North Carolina, a website dedicated to the Students Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, which coordinated non-violent protests across college campuses in the south. The website offers a timeline and informational sections on the people, issues, and events of the SNCC.
We Shall Overcome: Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement
From the National Parks Service, a website on the historic sites of the Civil Rights Movement, with an information tour of all the sites. The website also offers a history of the civil rights Movement, with sections entitled "the strategy", "the players", "the cost", and "the prize". A bibliography is also offered of publications providing more in-depth information.
Voices of Civil Rights
From the AARP, the LCCR, and the Library of Congress, a website to serve as an archive of personal accounts from the civil rights era. The site offers a history of the movement, including photographs, a timeline, and a musical montage. The website primarily features personal narratives of people who experienced the events, searchable by time, place, event, and keyword.